# Biomedical Engineering Technology

### Goals

The four year Bachelor of Science degree concentration in Biomedical Engineering Technology is designed to prepare hospital-based technologists. Technical instruction places emphasis in six areas:

- Inspection, performance testing and calibration of equipment
- Instruction, consultation, and medical staff assistance
- Equipment installation and modification
- Preventive Maintenance
- Equipment Repair
- Management

To enable the student to carry out the responsibilities and duties of a Biomedical Engineering Technologist, the program provides instruction in mathematical, scientific, and communications skills that allow the graduate to function at a professional level in a modern hospital. The student develops a knowledge of modern electronics and biomedical instrumentation, including the principles on which they work.

### Outcomes

**Student Outcomes – Engineering Technology Programs**

Engineering Technology students are expected to have demonstrated proficiency in the following areas:

- an appropriate mastery of the knowledge techniques, skills, and modern tools of their disciplines;
- an ability to apply current knowledge and adapt to emerging applications of mathematics, science, engineering, and technology;
- an ability to conduct, analyze and interpret experiments and apply experimental results to improve processes;
- an ability to apply creativity in the design of systems, components or processes appropriate to program objectives;
- an ability to function effectively on teams;
- an ability to identify, analyze and solve technical problems;
- an ability to communicate effectively;
- a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in, lifelong learning;
- an ability to understand professional, ethical, and social responsibilities;
- a respect for diversity and a knowledge of contemporary professional, societal and global issues; and
- a commitment to quality, timeliness, and continuous improvement.

**Program Specific Outcomes Criteria -Biomedical Engineering Technology**

Biomedical Engineering Technology students are expected to have demonstrated proficiency in the following areas:

- the application of circuit analysis and design, analog and digital electronics, microcomputers, bioengineering systems, and safety in the building, testing, operation, and maintenance of biomedical equipment;
- the applications of physics, chemistry, and biological sciences to building, testing, operation, and maintenance of biomedical equipment in a rigorous mathematical environment at or above the level of algebra and trigonometry;
- the ability to analyze, design, and implement bioengineering systems;
- the ability to utilize statistics/probability, transform methods, discrete mathematics, or applied differential equations in support of bioengineering systems; and
- an understanding of the clinical application of biomedical equipment.

### Faculty

### Curriculum

To graduate from ETSU with a degree in Biomedical Technology a student must complete a total of 128 hours. These hours contain:

### General Education

### ENGL 1010 Critical Reading and Expository Writing

### ENGL 1020 Critical Thinking and Argumentation

*Prerequisites: ENGL 1010 or equivalent.*Writing essays based on critical analyses of various literary texts. Emphasis on sound argumentative techniques. Requires documented research paper. Students must earn a grade of “C” or above to pass this course. These courses do no assign grades C-, D+, or D.

### Oral Communication (choose 1)

### Literature (choose 1)

### Fine Arts Elective (choose 1)

### ENTC 3020 Technology & Society

*Prerequisites: ENGL 1020.*How does technology impact society and ones daily life? Historical aspects of the development of technology beginning with Stone Age peoples through the Industrial Revolution, to modern concepts. An atmosphere where group discussions struggle with some of the dilemmas of modern life. (fall, spring, summer)

### Social/Behavioral Sciences (choose 1)

### Social/Behavioral Sciences (choose 1)

### HIST 2010 The United States to 1877

### HIST 2020 The United States since 1877

### MATH 1530 Probability and Statistics – Noncalculus

*Prerequisites: Two years of high school algebra.*Descriptive statistics and its relevance, including probability, experimentation, measurement, sampling and surveys, informal statistical inference, and hypothesis testing are included.

### PHYS 2010 General Physics I Noncalculus

*A survey of the topics in classical physics intended primarily for students in preprofessional curricula and majors in various engineering technology concentrations. (Engineering transfer students should take PHYS 2110.)*Topics include mechanics, solids, fluids, and thermodynamics. A good working knowledge of algebra and trigonometry (at least at the high school level) is required before taking this course. Heavy emphasis is made for the solutions to numerical problems. PHYS 2010 is the first semester of a two-semester sequence in general physics. (Many curricula require a laboratory course in physics. Students in these curricula must also take PHYS 2011.) Three hours of lecture each week.

### PHYS 2011 General Physics Laboratory I-Noncalculus

### CHEM 1110 General Chemistry

*Corequistes: CHEM 1111.*The basic course for students who expect to major in chemistry, as well as those who wish to meet entrance requirements of professional schools. Three (3) hours of lecture-recitation per week. A common grade will be given.

### CHEM 1111 General Chemistry Laboratory I

*Corequistes: CHEM 1110.*One (3) three-hour lab per week. A common grade will be given.

### CSCI 1100 Using Information Technology

### Technology Core Requirements

### ENTC 1510 Student in University

### ENTC 2170 CADD

### ENTC 3030 Technical Communication

*Prerequisites: ENGL 1010 and ENGL 1020.*A comprehensive study of technical and professional communication in written and oral form. Covers rhetorical principles and their application in a variety of types of business correspondence, reports, and technical/scientific documents. Lecture and classroom exercises. (fall, spring, summer)

### ENTC 4017 Industrial Supervision

### ENTC 4060 Project Scheduling

*Prerequisites: Junior/ Senior standing or instructor approval.*A detailed study in planning, organizing, and controlling projects. Computer software is used to schedule projects Emphasis is placed on time, resources, and capital considerations for the project. Lecture, team exercises, extensive laboratory, and presentations. (fall, spring, summer)

### ENTC 4600 Technology Practicum

*Prerequisites: Senior standing, ENTC 3030, and at least 24 credits in a technology concentration.*A senior-level capstone course in advanced problem solving by organized team methods. Requires the student to synthesize and apply subject matter studies in previous required courses. For example, in manufacturing, students will draw upon their knowledge of product design and manufacturing methods to solve a complex problem. Units of instruction will include project planning (GANTT and PERT), human factors, design aesthetics, systems methods, and group dynamics. Major requirements include a team presentation and a comprehensive technical report. Lecture and lab. (fall, spring))

### Biomedical Concentration

### ENTC 2310 Electrical Principles

*Prerequisites: MATH 1720.*Introduction to electricity, DC circuits, power, DC meters, conductors, insulators, capacitance, magnetism, and electromagnetic induction AC circuits, reactance, impedance, AC power, power factor, and resonance. Lecture and lab. (fall, spring) )

### ENTC 2320 Electronics I

*Prerequisites: ENTC 2310, MATH 1840.*Devices, rectification, filters, voltage regulation, characteristic curves, graphical analysis of amplification, amplifier configurations, amplifier equivalent circuits, gain equations, static and dynamic load lines, and biasing. Lecture and lab. (fall, spring)

### ENTC 2330 Network Systems

*Prerequisites: ENTC 2310.*An introduction to network hardware. Both wire and wireless systems will be examined. Hardware for LAN and WAN systems will be examined.

### ENTC 3310 Circuit Analysis

*Prerequisites: ENTC 2310 and MATH 1850.*Loop equations and node voltage analysis, principles of phasers and complex numbers applied to alternating current circuits, superposition, Thevenins and Nortons Theorems, solving circuit problems using the computer. (spring) )

### ENTC 3320 Electronics II

*Prerequisites: ENTC 2320, ENTC 3310.*Multistage amplifiers, coupling, frequency response, classes of amplification, power amplifiers, feedback amplifiers, sinusoidal oscillators, multi-vibrator circuits, and operational amplifier circuits. Lecture and lab. (fall)

### ENTC 3331 RF Fundamentals

*Prerequisites: PHYS 2010, PHYS 2011, MATH 1850.*A study of the physical and optical characteristics of active and passive devices used in electronic, instrumentation, and biomedical engineering technologies. (fall)

### ENTC 3370 Electronics-Digital Circuits

*Prerequisites: One computer science course.*Introduction to digital logic, binary numbers and codes, Boolean algebra, gating networks, flipflops, counters, registers, arithmetic circuits, code conversion, decoding, and memory circuits. Lecture and lab. (spring, summer)

### ENTC 4277 Instrument Process Control

*Prerequisites: ENTC 2310.*Theory and laboratory experience pertaining to modern instrumentation, pressure, temperature, liquid level, flow, and automatic controls including PLCs, and microcomputers. Lecture and lab. (spring)

### ENTC 4337 Electronics – Microprocessors

*Prerequisites: ENTC 3370.*Introduction to microprocessors Instruction is developed around a microprocessor trainer. Topics include assembly language programming, examples of hardware/software tradeoffs, interrupt system, alternative approaches to input/output and timing, the use of programmable LSI devices, and how microcomputers can communicate with external systems. Lecture and lab. (fall)

### ENTC 4347 Digital Signal Processors

*Prerequisites: ENTC 4337.*A continuation of ENTC 4337. Instruction is developed around an microprocessor single board computer. Topics include review of microprocessor hardware and instruction set, arithmetic operations, serial data communications, interfacing analog devices, using interval timers, stepper motor control, and an introduction to troubleshooting. Lecture and lab. (spring)

### ENTC 4350 Biomedical Instrumentation I

*Prerequisites: HSCI 2020/HSCI 2021, PUBH 2750, ENTC 3320.*A first course in biomedical instrumentation. Content includes hospital equipment safety, biopotentials, electrodes and transducers, the principles of electrocardiographs, pacemakers, defibrillators, IV pumps, catheters and ventilators, information flow, medical indications and complications, the patient-machine interface, how to teach others to use the equipment. Laboratory experiments on medical circuits will be studied or performed. (fall, even years)

### ENTC 4390 Medical Imaging Equipment

*Prerequisites: ENTC 3320.*Medical diagnostic equipment, including x-ray, ultrasonic equipment, ultrasonics, nuclear imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Position Emission Scanner will be discussed. Medical image processing based on Fourier Analysis will be developed Emphasis is on physical principles, information flow, patient interface, indications and hazards. (fall, spring)

### HSCI 2010/11 Anatomy and Physiology I

*Corequistes: HSCI 2011.*An introductory course in the structure and function of the human integumentary, nervous, endocrine, skeletal, and muscular systems. Three hours lecture. (Student must also register for HSCI 2011 and receive a common grade.)

### HSCI 2020/21 Anatomy and Physiology II

*Prerequisites: successful completion of HSCI 2010. Corequistes: HSCI 2021.*A continuation of HSCI 2010. Includes a study of the structure and function of the human respiratory, digestive, reproductive, urinary, and cardiovascular systems. Three hours lecture. (Student must also register for HSCI 2021 and receive common grade.)

### MATH 1720 Precalculus

*Prerequisites: Two years of high school algebra, MATH 1710, or the equivalent.*A study of functions and their graphs, including polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and trigonometric functions.

### MATH 1840 Analytical Geometry and Differential Calculus

*Prerequisites: MATH 1720 or two years of high school algebra and high school trigonometry.*A course in differential calculus with technical applications. Analytic geometry, quadratic equations, and additional topics in trigonometry as foundation to the calculus, limits, the derivative, and applications.

### MATH 1850 Integral Calculus for Technology

*Prerequisites: MATH 1840.*A course in integral calculus with technical applications. Sequences and series, the integral, exponential and logarithmic functions, and differentiation and integration of transcendental functions.

### Internships

An internship program is provided to help develop the ability to function with confidence and understanding in a hospital situation. At the present time, several local clinical sites are used for the two biomedical internships, ENTC 4360 and ENTC 4380. Students must also furnish evidence of sufficient personal liability insurance and may be required to submit to a health examination.

Currently there are adequate clinical sites for student internships. In the event student applications for internships exceed clinical positions available, the faculty reserves the right to initiate selection criteria for the assignment of students.